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Home / Indigenous Education / Hul’q’umin’um’ Resources

In this unit jointly created by NLPS and Ocean Networks Canada, students will explore multiple ways of knowing the beach environment through exploration of Hul’qumin’um’ language, personal connections, and science. Features include the Coast Salish story Xeel’s the Creator and an in-depth look at plankton which connects the biosphere, hydrosphere, and Earth’s daily rotation. The concept of system sustainability is central to the learning in this module, also represented through the meaning of the title which translates to working together as one with positive relationships.

This activity is meant to accompany the Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ QQS Playground Bingo game in Nanaimo-Ladysmith Public Schools.  Learn the vocabulary in the classroom and then head outside to see what you can find! Use this project with a projector as an alternative to drawing cards. Printable Bingo Cards are available on NLPS Learns and at the school. Sound recordings by George Seymour.

– Printable Bingo Cards

Full screen Virtual Bingo presentation with sound

Sound Basics for English Speakers

There are multiple orthographies (spelling systems) that are used to spell words in hul̓q̓umín̓um̓. The one used at NLPS is a phonetic system and once learned, is easy to read as there is a direct correlation between sound and symbol. For those who speak English, many of the sounds and letters are similar, however there are some differences that can be confusing to an English speaker upon first introduction.

 

Vowels:

There are only 5 vowel sounds in hul̓q̓umín̓um̓. Click on the yellow letter tiles to listen to each vowel sound. 

Click on the stars and the word cards for additional Information.

 

Consonants:

Most of the consonant sounds in hu̓lq̓umín̓um̓  are spelled with the same letters as in English with a few exceptions. Click on the purple letter tiles to hear them.

Click on the stars and the word cards for additional information.

Advanced hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ phonics

For those wishing a more in-depth study of hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ phonics, please refer to the resource hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ phonics home study. The Following is an excerpt from the introduction:

 

This book offers a collection of words that illustrate the sounds of Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓. It is intended to help teach pronunciation to beginners by explaining the phonetic value of the letters used in writing Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓. This book covers not only listening and pronunciation but also reading and writing.

 

One way to learn the Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ language is to speak with the Elders and ask them for the names of plants, animals, and other things. The answers they give you and the stories they tell you, though difficult to understand at first, are a rewarding way to learn. You will find that many words in Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ do not translate well into English. When you begin to understand these words and learn how to use them, a new world of feeling and thinking will open to you.

 

A second way to learn a language is by reading and writing it. A well-defined writing system or orthography is of great use in writing down the words and terms you collect. Attention to detail and mastery of the writing system are very important.

Below is the PDF of the book containing text only. To access the accompanying sound files please use the resource link above.

Hulquminum phonics home study

 

This book (and recordings) teaches the words and sentence structure of the Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ language. Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ is one of the twenty-three Salishan languages spoken in British Columbia and the United States. It is a Coast Salish language. Other Coast Salish languages include Comox, Sechelt, Squamish, and Straits (Saanich, Songish, Lummi). There are three principal dialect areas of Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓: Upriver (or Stalo), spoken in the Chilliwack vicinity; Downriver, spoken in Musqueam; and Island. There are several sub-dialects within Island Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓, including Nanoose, Nanaimo, Chemainus, and Cowichan. This book focuses on data from the first three of these sub-dialects.

The sound system of Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓, the orthography (writing system), and many vocabulary items a retaught in a companion text book, Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ Phonics. This book, ‘i’ lhe’ xwulmuxuqun is intended to help teach the language to beginners or to experienced speakers by explaining the meaning and grammatical usage of each word and the sentence structure of the language…

…We hope you will enjoy working through this book and that it will help you to read, write, and speak Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓. Moreover, we hope that it will help you to understand the words of your elders. 

The PDF below shows the text of the book only. To access the recordings associated with the text please open the link above.

'i'lhe' xwulmuxqun

 

This  dual language book, two children find mysterious gigantic shx̌un̓utun (tracks) on the ground and wonder what creature might have made them. The book is available online or as a soft cover book and has a number of associated learning activities. 

The books is available in English/Hul̓q̓umín̓um as well as in French/Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓.

Use this virtual calling card to review abstract numbers from nuc?a (one) to 'apun (ten). Have students draw a 3 x 3 grid and fill it with numerals 1 - 10 in random order (one number will be left out). Then use the virtual activity to draw the cards and listen to the pronunciation of each word. Play 3 in a row or full house to win!

Play bingo on your plant walk down to the beach! All of the living things on that cards can be found at Sealand Park, but the activity can be used on many other forested trails down to the ocean. Give each student a laminated bingo card and a dry erase marker to mark of the plants they identify on their walk. Use the English or hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ electronic draw cards for in-class use with a projector (great for learning the names prior to your walk!)

Electronic draw cards 

hul̓q̓umin̓um̓ Electronic draw cards

Sealand Bingo

Printable cards for the Days of the Week and Months in hulq̓umín̓um̓. The cards on the right also contain a QR code that can be scanned for a link to a sound file.

Interested in learning the general name for various landforms and waterforms in Hul̓q̓umínum̓? Here is a handy list:

Ready to learn simple sentences in Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓? We are happy to announce the release of the second book in the Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ Beginner Books series! Each book in the series will have simple repetitive phrases that introduce beginner language learners to simple sentences. The full-colour minibooks, will also contain a vocabulary page with English translations and a link to online resources including a recording of the book in Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓.

Click Open resource above to view the book online, listen to a recording of the book read aloud and see additional learning activities associated with the book, including a colouring book and an online matching activity.

All schools in the district should have 2 copies available in their libraries. A class set (book bag) can also be signed out from the Indigenous Collection library. (coming soon!)

This book titles shtes ‘u tu skweyul focuses on the concept of weather and the clothing needed to enjoy the weather playing outside. 

Ready to learn simple sentences in Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓? We are happy to announce the release of the first book in the Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ Beginner Books series! Each book in the series will have simple repetitive phrases that introduce beginner language learners to simple sentences. The full-colour minibooks, will also contain a vocabulary page with English translations and a link to online resources including a recording of the book in Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓.

Click Open resource above to view the book online, listen to a recording of the book read aloud and see additional learning activities associated with the book.

All schools in the district should have 2 copies available in their libraries. A class set (book bag) can also be signed out from the Indigenous Collection library.

This is the first book, entitled shxw’al̓uq̓wa.   It focuses on the concept of family and the knowledge that all our non-human relatives, including the plants and animals, also have families and are part of our larger family.

This collection of resources provides access to a sxwiem, (story) of the time when Seagull stole the sun and Raven, always the thinker and schemer, came up with a plan to get it back. They include literacy resources as well as prepared numeracy activities focusing on linear relations.

 

Video:

Oral telling of the story, as told by Squtxulemuxw (George Seymour).

 

Reader’s Theatre

This booklet telling the story of how Seagull stole the sun is in the form of a readers theatre and is written at an accessible reading level. 

 

Other versions of the  reader’s theatre are also available in Hul’q’umi’num.

 

Math Lessons

This lesson focusses on growing patterns and linear relations, using the story as the framework for working with numeracy concepts applicable to students in grades 4 – 9.

Teacher Slides

Lesson Details 

 See similar activities here.
   – related
Desmos activities

This resource provides a set of printable 30 randomized bingo cards featuring the plants that can be found in Collier Dam Park. Use the printable call cards included in the PDF or use the virtual dual language bingo activity to draw cards. Also included is a reference sheet including information about a variety of plants and their uses.

Bingo Cards and Calling Cards

Online Virtual Dual Language Calling Cards

Version française de la version en ligne

Information Sheet 

 

Use the online resource in coordination with the printable bingo cards to listen to each word spoken by Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ teacher George Seymour. The printable cards also include calling cards. Two sets are also available for sign-out from the Indigenous Education Collection.